The Science Associated with CoolSculpting is called Cryolipolysis.
Cryolipolysis is the process of using specifically designed applicators to kill selected subcutaneous fat by cooling it. Subcutaneous fat is the fat immediately below the skin that causes bumps and bulges such as love handles, the bulge from bra, back fat, double chins etc.
The science of CoolSculpting is non-invasive, non-surgical, does not damage the skin and comes with very limited downtime.
The Origin of CoolSculpting
In the 1960’s, scientists learned the effects cold has on fat cells via observing children sucking on popsicles for a long period of time. What they discovered was the children, a few days afterwards had an inflammation of fat that would then atrophy and go away. With these children, they observed the fat would come immediately back, but this was not the case with adults. This observation of fat when exposed to cold temperatures not immediately returning in adults is what led to the invention of Cryolipolysis and CoolSculpting technology.
CoolSculpting, Sculpture, Liposuction and Liposculpture have similar goals -to improve the appearance of the body. Liposuction is an invasive surgical procedure that suctions excess fat from the body while Liposculpture uses a small incision and to sculpt fat from the body.
Both CoolSculpting and Sculpture sculpt the body but do not help a person lose weight. Moreover, CoolSculpting uses cold temperatures to kill fat cells while Sculpture heats fat cells with a laser. When cells are exposed to the heat of the laser used in Sculpture, the membrane ruptures causing over production of collagen and possible scaring.
With CoolSculpting however, when the cells are exposed to cold the body reacts safely and naturally without the risk of scar tissue formation or physiological chaos.For this reason, with CoolSculpting you are much more likely to achieve the sculpting results you want without the risk of an unsafe bodily reaction or scarring.
After a CoolSculpting, the treated fat cells slowly and safely shut down and die over two to three days. The body then takes around two to three months to naturally remove the dead fat cells via lymph system. Neither CoolSculpting nor Sculpture help people lose weight. They are both body contouring treatments.
In comparison, Lipsosuction and Liposculpture can help people lose weight and contour their bodies. However, both are surgically invasive treatments that require recovery time that can take months, can cause serious side effects such as infection, lumps and scarring and are costly.